History of European Architecture: Part I, The Different Periods


Hi guys, sorry for the big break. Had to get rid of some exams before writing again. Today I will write about one of my favorite topics, the history of architecture. From the cave paintings of the stone age to 3-D printed buildings, we have traveled a long journey of transformations, and while it is commendable to look forward, knowing and remembering the past is what makes us complete. So, today, let’s embark on a journey of the history of architecture, in Europe.

Before delving any further, let’s first have a quick look on the rough architecture timeline of the west:

  • 11,000 BC – 3500 BC -> Prehistoric Times:
    Example: Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, Stonehenge, etc.
  • 3500 BC -900 BC -> Ancient Egypt:
    Example:
    Pyramid of Giza
  • 850 BC – 476 AD -> Classical:
    Example: 
    Classical (Greek) Orders of architecture (Doric, IonicCorinthian, Tuscan and Composite)
  • 527 AD-565 AD -> Byzantine:
    Example:
    Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
  • 1100 AD – 1450 AD -> Gothic:
    Example: 
    Westminser Abbey in London
  • 1400 AD -1600 AD -> Renaissance:
    Example: 
    St. Peter’s Basilica (The Papal Basilica) in Vatican City)
  • 1600 AD-1830 AD -> Baroque:
    Example: 
    Royal Palace of Madrid
  • 1730 AD – 1925 AD -> NeoClassicism:
    Example: 
    The Lincoln Memorial
  • 1890 AD – 1914 AD -> Art Nouveau:
    Example: 
    The Casa Mila by Gaudi in Barcelona
  • 1895 AD -1925 AD -> Beaux Arts:
    Example: 
    Grand Central Terminal in New York City
  • 1905 AD – 1935 AD -> Neo-Gothic:
    Example: 
    Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk in Belgium
  • 1925 AD – 1937 AD -> Art Deco:
    Example: Empire State Building, New York

  • 1900 AD -Present -> Modernist Styles:
    Example: 
    Brutalist Architecture (Boston City Hall)
  • 1972 AD -Present -> Post-Modernism:
    Example: 
    Bank of America Center in Houston, Texas
  • 21st Century -> Neo-Modernism and Parametricism:
    Example: 
    Munich Olympic Stadium

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Whoops!!! That was a pretty long list. In my next article, I will talk about the different periods in greater detail. Till then, Au Revoir.

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