Hi guys, sorry for the big break. Had to get rid of some exams before writing again. Today I will write about one of my favorite topics, the history of architecture. From the cave paintings of the stone age to 3-D printed buildings, we have traveled a long journey of transformations, and while it is commendable to look forward, knowing and remembering the past is what makes us complete. So, today, let’s embark on a journey of the history of architecture, in Europe.
Before delving any further, let’s first have a quick look on the rough architecture timeline of the west:
- 11,000 BC – 3500 BC -> Prehistoric Times:
Example: Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, Stonehenge, etc.
- 3500 BC -900 BC -> Ancient Egypt:
Example: Pyramid of Giza
- 850 BC – 476 AD -> Classical:
Example: Classical (Greek) Orders of architecture (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan and Composite)
- 527 AD-565 AD -> Byzantine:
Example: Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
- 1100 AD – 1450 AD -> Gothic:
Example: Westminser Abbey in London
- 1400 AD -1600 AD -> Renaissance:
Example: St. Peter’s Basilica (The Papal Basilica) in Vatican City)
- 1600 AD-1830 AD -> Baroque:
Example: Royal Palace of Madrid
- 1730 AD – 1925 AD -> NeoClassicism:
Example: The Lincoln Memorial
- 1890 AD – 1914 AD -> Art Nouveau:
Example: The Casa Mila by Gaudi in Barcelona
- 1895 AD -1925 AD -> Beaux Arts:
Example: Grand Central Terminal in New York City
- 1905 AD – 1935 AD -> Neo-Gothic:
Example: Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk in Belgium
- 1925 AD – 1937 AD -> Art Deco:
Example: Empire State Building, New York
- 1900 AD -Present -> Modernist Styles:
Example: Brutalist Architecture (Boston City Hall)
- 1972 AD -Present -> Post-Modernism:
Example: Bank of America Center in Houston, Texas
- 21st Century -> Neo-Modernism and Parametricism:
Example: Munich Olympic Stadium
Whoops!!! That was a pretty long list. In my next article, I will talk about the different periods in greater detail. Till then, Au Revoir.